Description & Remarks
Description A rhizomatous geophyte, 80-150 cm tall. It grows in clumps or in carpets, up to 10 m across. The rhizome crawls, thick and branched. The leaves are flat, arranged in fan-like clusters, straight, pointed, 35-60 cm long. The flowering scape develops from the leaf cluster, erect, slightly branching, and bearing several flowers. The scape is leafless, bearing only bracts. The magnificent flower is light pale blue to violet, 8-13 cm across. The outer perianth segments are spread, light and stripped in their base and have yellow beard. The seed are globose, lacking the white elaiosome (unlike the Oncocylcus irises).
Habitat Dry rocky slope and cliffs.
Distribution and abundance Sparsely dispersed in Mt Hermon, 1,200-1,700m. Mt Hermon populations are considered to be natural since it grows in natural primary habitats (identified by mistake in the past as Iris pallida). Out of Mt Hermon it is a cultivated plant, abundant in mountains areas. It is planted often in Muslim cemeteries and in old gardens. Escaped plants are often seen near settlements or ruins. The origin of Ha’on cliffs population in the Golan Heights is not clear, it may be natural.
Ori Fragman-Sapir, 2015
Translation Sara Deutch
- Hebrew with Vowels:
- אִירוּס אֲרַם-נַהֲרַיִם