Flowering

  • Jan1
  • Feb2
  • Mar3
  • Apr4
  • May5
  • Jun6
  • Jul7
  • Aug8
  • Sep9
  • Oct10
  • Nov11
  • Dec12
Not in Bloom

Distribution

עשנן רפואי - מפת תפוצה

Geogr. District

Vegetation Units

Description & Remarks

We first came across this plant in early May, 2011, in one site on Mt. Hermon, in the vicinity of the lower cable car, on a barren rocky hill. As it turns out, F. officinalis is found throughout central and western Europe. The plants we saw were all in advanced flowering and fruiting stage. It became clear right then that this species is unlike any other Fumaria species known to grow in Israel. As is well known, species in the genus subdivide into two main groups: those whose corolla’s length exceeds 9 mm and those whose corolla’s length fall below this value. In fact, for the species that belong to the second group and found in Israel, corolla’s length is actually limited to below 6 mm. This distribution of corolla’s length of species found in Israel, enabled a quick and reliable species identification process, which relied on established floras such as that of Moutard, as well as various current days e-floras. It appears that the current finding represents the southernmost natural growing location for this species.Simon Cohen-Sivan

Family

תכונות וזיהוי

  • צמחים חד-שנתיים של החרמון ומרום הגולן.

    צמחים חד-שנתיים של החרמון ומרום הגולן.

  • אורך הכותרת לרוב 8-7 מ

    אורך הכותרת לרוב 8-7 מ"מ.

Life form (Raunkiaer):
annual
Spinescence:
absent
Succulence:
non-succulent
Summer Shedding:
ephemeral
Petal or tepal color:
pink, violet
Sexuality and Reproductive Morphology:
Flowers hermaphrodite only
Sporangia or Seed Homogeneity:
Flowering Time:
June, May
Leaf arrangement:
alternate (one leaf per node)
Leaf Type:
dissected twice or more
Leaf or leaflet margin:
Stipule:
absent
Habitat:
Chorotype:
Euro-Siberian, Mediterranean
Drought Resistence:
Salt Resistance:
glycophyte
Synanthrop:
obligate natural

Taxonomy

Superdivision:
Spermatophyta
Division:
Angiospermae
Class:
Dicotyledoneae
Family:
Fumariaceae
Genus:
Fumaria