Flowering

  • Jan1
  • Feb2
  • Mar3
  • Apr4
  • May5
  • Jun6
  • Jul7
  • Aug8
  • Sep9
  • Oct10
  • Nov11
  • Dec12
Not in Bloom

Distribution

תמר מצוי - מפת תפוצה

Geogr. District

Vegetation Units

Description & Remarks

A tree with a single, non-branched, upright trunk up to 12 m in height. The trunk has a more or less uniform diameter, and is covered in the remnants of old frond bases (leaf stems) that have shed during it’s growth. The crown of the tree has a rosette of green leaves. The palm fronds (leaves) are about 3 m long, and consist of a leaf rachis with narrow pointed leaflets on either side. Young and closed palm fronds (leaves) develop in the center of the crown. Shoots with new leaf rosettes often develop at the base of the trunk. The palm tree is dioecious (there are male trees and female trees). The inflorescences occur in dense clusters and are borne on a long stalk. The flower has a perianth with six tepals, three carpels (female flowers) and six stamens (male flowers). The fruit is oblong, yellow-brown, initially smooth and shiny, and later wrinkled. In wild trees the fruit is 2-2.5 cm in length, while in cultivated trees the fruit is much longer.

The plant grows naturally in Habitat: springs and oases in the desert. It is rare to scattered and patchy in loose clumps in the Arava Valley, the Dead Sea region, the lower Jordan valley, and the lowlands-lying areas of the Negev desert. In the Mediterranean sea region dates are remnants of cultivated trees, since palm tree are a common ornamental and agricultural fruit tree throughout the country.

O. Fragman-Sapir, 2017

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Family

Additional Names

Hebrew with Vowels:
תָּמָר מָצוּי
English:
Date palm

תכונות וזיהוי

  • עץ דו-ביתי בעל גזע בלתי מסועף. תרבותי וכנראה גדל בר בקרבת מעיינות ומליחות במדבר.

    עץ דו-ביתי בעל גזע בלתי מסועף. תרבותי וכנראה גדל בר בקרבת מעיינות ומליחות במדבר.

Life form (Raunkiaer):
tree
Spinescence:
leaves
Succulence:
non-succulent
Summer Shedding:
perennating
Petal or tepal color:
green
Sexuality and Reproductive Morphology:
Staminate or pistillate flowers (Dioecious)
Sporangia or Seed Homogeneity:
Homogeneous seeds-fruits
Flowering Time:
April, May
Leaf arrangement:
alternate (one leaf per node)
Leaf Type:
entire
Leaf or leaflet margin:
smooth
Stipule:
absent
Habitat:
Humid habitats
Chorotype:
Saharo-Arabian
Drought Resistence:
Salt Resistance:
grows in salty and non-salty habitats
Synanthrop:
mostly natural, also synanthropic

Taxonomy

Superdivision:
Spermatophyta
Division:
Angiospermae
Class:
Monocotyledoneae
Family:
Palmae
Genus:
Phoenix